Guinea-Bissau

   Former West African colony of Portugal until its independence in September 1974, Guinea-Bissau (not to be confused with Guinea-Conakry, its neighbor to the east and south) was the scene of Portuguese activity, at least on the coast, since the mid-l5th century. Its area is about 22,256 square kilometers (14,000 square miles). Portugal established a few forts and trading posts on the coast of what became Guinea-Bissau, and the slave trade became the major economic activity until the mid l9th century. Portugal's coastal presence was not expanded to the tropical interior until the 19th century, when Lisbon supported various so-called "pacification" campaigns. African resistance continued, however, to 1936.
   With the formation of the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAICG), the principal nationalist movement, in 1956, African resistance increased. Between 1963 and 1974, a war of insurgency against Portuguese colonial rule was fought in the country. Unlike Portugal's territories in southern Africa—Angola and Mozambique — Guinea-Bissau did not have Portuguese settlement of any consequence, and the major private company that dominated the territory's economy (Companhia União Fabril) withdrew most of its assets by 1972. An important part of the alienation and radicalization of the Armed Forces Movement's officers took place in the grueling bush war in Guinea-Bissau. After the Revolution of 25 April 1974, Portugal granted independence to this colony.

Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Guinea-Bissau — Guinea Bis|sau a small country in West Africa between Guinea and Senegal. Population: 1,316,000 (2001). Capital: Bissau. Guinea Bissau used to belong to Portugal …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Guinea-Bissau — [gin′ēbi sou′] country in W Africa, on the coast between Guinea & Senegal: formerly a Portuguese territory, it became independent in 1973: 13,948 sq mi (36,125 sq km); pop. 777,000; cap. Bissau …   English World dictionary

  • Guinea-Bissau — /gin ee bi sow /, n. a republic on the W coast of Africa, between Guinea and Senegal: formerly a Portuguese overseas province; gained independence in 1974. 1,178,584; 13,948 sq. mi. (36,125 sq. km). Cap.: Bissau. Formerly, Portuguese Guinea. * *… …   Universalium

  • Guinea-Bissau — República da Guiné Bissau Republik Guinea Bissau …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guinea Bissau — Republica da Guiné Bissau Republik Guinea Bissau Flagge …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guinea-Bissau — Para otros usos del término Guinea, véase la página de desambiguación República da Guiné Bissau República de Guinea Bissau …   Wikipedia Español

  • Guinea-Bissau — Infobox Country native name = pt. República da Guiné Bissau conventional long name = Republic of Guinea Bissau common name = Guinea Bissau demonym = Guinean symbol type = Emblem national motto = Unidade, Luta, Progresso spaces|2(Portuguese) Unity …   Wikipedia

  • Guinea-Bissau — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Guinea Bissau <p></p> Background: <p></p> Since independence from Portugal in 1974, Guinea Bissau has experienced considerable political and military upheaval. In 1980 …   The World Factbook

  • Guinea-Bissau — Gui|nea Bis|sạu [gi… ]; s: Staat in Westafrika. * * * Guinea Bissạu     Kurzinformation:   Fläche: 36 125 km2   Einwohner: (2000) 1,3 Mio.   Hauptstadt: Bissau   Amtssprac …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Guinea-Bissáu — Para otros usos del término Guinea, véase la página de desambiguación Guinea Bissáu es un país del oeste de África, y uno de los países más pequeños del África Continental. Limita con Senegal al norte, y Guinea al sur y al este, y con el Océano… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Guinea-Bissau — noun a republic on the northwestern coast of Africa; recognized as independent by Portugal in 1974 • Syn: ↑Republic of Guinea Bissau, ↑Guine Bissau, ↑Portuguese Guinea • Instance Hypernyms: ↑African country, ↑African nation …   Useful english dictionary

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